Logical Reasoning - Statement and Conclusion

Statement and Conclusion Description

A statement is a group of words arranged to form a meaningful sentence. A conclusion is a judgment or decision reached after consideration about the given statement. Different types of questions covered in this chapter are as follows.
  • One statement with Two Conclusion Based
  • More than Two Statements and Conclusion Based
A conclusion is an opinion or decision that is formed after a period of thought or research on some facts or sentence stated by someone. A consequent effect has always to be analysed before reaching to the final result or conclusion of a given premise. This requires a very systematic and logical approach.

Example:

Statement: Some people say that good thought come in their mind in the morning.
Conclusion: Thoughts come in mind, in the morning only.

Now, consider the statement, the word ‘some’ used in the statement does not mean ‘all’. It means some people say not all. Hence, according to some people, good thoughts come in their mind in the morning but thought can come any time in the mind of other people, so, the conclusion that ‘thoughts’ come in mind, in the morning only is not valid. Also, the word used ‘only’ makes the conclusion totally invalid because its restricts that the thought can come only in the morning.

To reach to a conclusion think only about the information given in the statement. There is no need to use, assume anything else or add any further or extra information from outside but the established facts cannot be denied like the Sun always rises in the East, a day consists of 24 h etc.

Points to remember:-

  • If statement is formed with two or more sentences, then there should be no mutual contradiction in sentence.
  • Statements and conclusion should not go against established facts and prevailing notious of truth.
  • If definitive words like all, always, atleast, only, exactly and so on are used, then such words make the conclusion invalid or ambiguous.
  • Always read very carefully and try to find key words as key words play an important role in analysing valid and invalid conclusions.
  • If the conclusion is provided with a stated example, then the conclusion is invalid.
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