Statement and Assumption - Excercise 1

Questions

1.   Statement: The education of a student at collegiate level, not taking into account maintenance expenses, costs four hundred rupees a year. Collegiate education is thus drawing heavily upon the national resources of an impoverished community. So college education should be restricted to a brilliant few.

Assumptions:
I. Our resources are very limited.
II. Only a few students should be admitted to the colleges.

  • Only assumption I is implicit
  • Only assumption II is implicit
  • Either I or II is implicit
  • Neither I nor II is implicit
  • Both I and II are implicit
5
The Correct answer is :Both I and II are implicit

The use of the words 'impoverished community' in the statement makes I implicit while the phrase 'college education should be restricted to a brilliant few' makes II implicit.

2.   Statement: "If you trouble me, I will slap you." - A mother warns her child.

Assumptions:
I. With the warning, the child may stop troubling her.
II. All children are basically naughty.

  • Only assumption I is implicit
  • Only assumption II is implicit
  • Either I or II is implicit
  • Neither I nor II is implicit
  • Both I and II are implicit
5
The Correct answer is :Only assumption I is implicit

The mother warns her child with the expectation that he would stop troubling her. So, I is implicit. The general nature of children cannot be derived from the statement. So, II is not implicit.

3.   Statement: If he is intelligent,he will pass the examination.

Assumptions:
I. To Pass,he must be intelligent.
II. He will pass the examination.

  • Only assumption I is implicit
  • Only assumption II is implicit
  • Either I or II is implicit
  • Neither I nor II is implicit
  • Both I and II are implicit
5
The Correct answer is :Only assumption I is implicit

The statement mentions that he will pass if he is intelligent.So,1 is implicit.further,this means that it is not necessary that he will pass.So, 2 is not implicit.

4.   Statement: The 'B' electronics company have announced a discount upto 60% on purchase of their new generation washing machine.

Assumptions:
I. The sales of the washing machine may increase.
II. The company will capture the market of electronics.

  • Only assumption I is implicit
  • Only assumption II is implicit
  • Either I or II is implicit
  • Neither I nor II is implicit
  • Both I and II are implicit
5
The Correct answer is :Only assumption I is implicit

5.   Statement : It is desirable to put the child in school at the of 5 or so.

Assumptions:
I. At that age the child reaches appropriate level of development and is ready to learn.
II. The schools do not admit children after six years of age.

  • Only assumption I is implicit
  • Only assumption II is implicit
  • Either I or II is implicit
  • Neither I nor II is implicit
  • Both I and II are implicit
5
The Correct answer is :Only assumption I is implicit

Only Assumption I is implicit.

6.   Statement: His recent investment in the shares of Company A is only a gamble.

Assumptions:
I. He may incur loss on his investment.
II. He may gain from his investment.

  • Only assumption I is implicit
  • Only assumption II is implicit
  • Either I or II is implicit
  • Neither I nor II is implicit
  • Both I and II are implicit
5
The Correct answer is :Either I or II is implicit

The use of the world 'gamble' indicates that he may either gain or lose in the deal.

7.   Statement: "You are hereby appointed as a programmer with a probation period of one year and your performance will be reviewed at the end of the period for confirmation." - A line in an appointment letter.

Assumptions:
I. The performance of an individual generally is not known at the time of appointment offer.
II. Generally an individual tries to prove his worth in the probation period.

  • Only assumption I is implicit
  • Only assumption II is implicit
  • Either I or II is implicit
  • Neither I nor II is implicit
  • Both I and II are implicit
5
The Correct answer is :Both I and II are implicit

The performance of the individual has to be tested over a span of time as the statement mentions. So, I is implicit. The statement mentions that the individual's worth shall be reviewed (during probation period) before confirmation. So, II is also implicit.

8.   Statement: The State government has decided to appoint four thousand primary school teachers during the next financial year.

Assumptions:
I. There are enough schools in the state to accommodate four thousand additional primary school teachers.
II. The eligible candidates may not be interested to apply as the government may not finally appoint such a large number of primary school teachers.

  • Only assumption I is implicit
  • Only assumption II is implicit
  • Either I or II is implicit
  • Neither I nor II is implicit
  • Both I and II are implicit
5
The Correct answer is :Only assumption I is implicit

Such decisions as given in the statement are taken only after taking the existing vacancies into consideration. So, I implicit while II isn't.

9.   Statement: In Bombay,railway trains are indispensable for people in the subrubs to reach their places of work on time.

Assumptions:
I. Railway trains are the only mode of transport available in the subrubs of Bombay.
II. Only railway trains run punctually.

  • Only assumption I is implicit
  • Only assumption II is implicit
  • Either I or II is implicit
  • Neither I nor II is implicit
  • Both I and II are implicit
5
The Correct answer is :Only assumption II is implicit

The railway trains are indespinsible for people to reach the place on time does not mean that there are no other means of transport but shows that trains alone run on time.So, 1 is not true.

10.   Statement: 'Move into the upper echelons without paying steep price. Book a luxurious flat with us-- advertisement of a construction company.'

Assumptions:
I. It is possible to join the select brand of rich people by hard work.
II. Staying in luxury without paying steep price is the criterion of upper crust of the society.
III. Booking a luxurious flat is very easy now.

  • Only II
  • Only III
  • II & III
  • Only I
  • none of these
5
The Correct answer is :Only III

Assumption I & II are not directly related to the statement, so they are not implicit. Assumption III is implicit because from the advertisement of the company it is clear that booking a luxurious flat is very easy now.

11.   Statement : The private bus services in the city has virtually collapsed because of the ongoing strike of its employees.

Assumptions:
I. Going on strikes has become the right of every employee.
II. People no more require the services of private bus operators.

  • Only assumption I is implicit
  • Only assumption II is implicit
  • Either I or II is implicit
  • Neither I nor II is implicit
  • Both I and II are implicit
5
The Correct answer is :Neither I nor II is implicit

Neither I nor II are implicit.

12.   Statement: Of all the radio sets manufactured in India, the 'X' brand has the largest sale.

Assumptions:
I. The sale of all the radio sets manufactured in India is known.
II. The manufacturing of no other radio set in India is as large as 'X' brand radio.

  • Only assumption I is implicit
  • Only assumption II is implicit
  • Either I or II is implicit
  • Neither I nor II is implicit
  • Both I and II are implicit
5
The Correct answer is :Only assumption I is implicit

Clearly, the comparison could not be made without knowing the sale of all the radio sets. So, I is implicit. The statement mentions only that the sale is largest and nothing is mentioned about the manufacture. So, II is not implicit.

13.   Statement: A warning in a train compartment - "To stop train, pull chain. Penalty for improper use 500."

Assumptions:
I. Some people misuse the alarm chain.
II. On certain occasions, people may want to stop a running train.

  • Only assumption I is implicit
  • Only assumption II is implicit
  • Either I or II is implicit
  • Neither I nor II is implicit
  • Both I and II are implicit
5
The Correct answer is :Both I and II are implicit

Clearly, the penalty is imposed to prevent people from misusing the alarm chain. This means that some people misuse it. So, I is implicit. The alarm chain is provided to stop the running train in times of urgency. So, II is also implicit.

14.   Statement: The Government has decided to levy 2 percent on the tax amount payable for funding drought relief programmes.

Assumptions:
I. The Government does not have sufficient money to fund drought relief programmes.
II. The amount collected by way of surcharge may be adequate to fund these drought relief programmes.

  • Only assumption I is implicit
  • Only assumption II is implicit
  • Either I or II is implicit
  • Neither I nor II is implicit
  • Both I and II are implicit
5
The Correct answer is :Both I and II are implicit

Since a surcharge has been levied to fund drought relief programmes, it follows that the Government does not have sufficient money for the same. So, I is implicit. Besides, the percentage of surcharge must have been decided after studying the expected inflow in relation to amount of funds required. So, II is also implicit.

15.   Statement : Banks should always check financial status before lending money to a client.

Assumptions:
I. Checking before lending would give a true picture of the client's financial status.
II. Clients some times may not present the correct picture of their ability to repay loan amount to the bank.

  • Only assumption I is implicit
  • Only assumption II is implicit
  • Either I or II is implicit
  • Neither I nor II is implicit
  • Both I and II are implicit
5
The Correct answer is :Only assumption I is implicit

I is implicit in the norm prescribed in the sentence. This is why checking is being advised. Again, what would the banks check? Obviously what the clients reveal. Banks would assume the revelation to be true.Hence II is not implicit. However, II is vague. If cross - checking is what the speaker has in mind, II would become implicit.