Logical Reasoning - Statement and Assumption

Statement and Assumption Description

In this type of questions one statement is followed by two assumptions. The candidates have to decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the given statement. Before answering the questions, it is necessary about the meaning of assumption. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. The following example will illustrate the idea clearly:

Example: Below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered (I) and (II). You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. Give answer 1. if only assumptions. (I) is implicit; 2. if only assumption (II) is implicit; 3. if either (I) or (II) is implicit; 4. if neither (I) nor (II) is implicit and 5. if both (I) and (II) are implicit.

Statement: Go by aeroplane to reach Aurangabad from Mumbai quickly.
(I) Mumbai and Aurangabad are connected by aeroplane service
(II) There is no other means of going from Mumbai to Auranagabad
Answer: (4) Explanation: As in statement it is given that to reach Aurangabad from Mumbai quickly and should go by aeroplane, therefore it is clear both the cities i.e. Mumbai and Aurangabad must be connected by aeroplane service. Hence assumption (I) is implicit. The word 'Quickly' indicates that there are other means also of going from Mumbai to Aurangabad but they take longer than by aeroplane. Hence assumption (II) is not implicit. 
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