Introduction: Questions based on cause and effect test the ability of the candidate to determine the relation between two events and examine how they are dependent on each other i.e. which of them is the cause for the other one. Type– I: Directions: Mark answer 1. if ‘A’ is the effect and ‘B’ is its immediate and principal cause. 2. if ‘A’ is the immediate and principal cause and ‘B’ is its effect. 3. if ‘A’ is an effect but ‘B’ is not its immediate and principal cause. 4. if ‘B’ is an effect but ‘A’ is not its immediate and principal cause. 5. None of these. Example 1: Event (A): Mr. Amitab Bachchan received the best actor award. Event (B): Mr. Amitab Bach cause of chan is a good actor. Solution: Here, event (A) could be the cause for event (B) and vice-versa. The answer for this question is choice (5). Type – II Directions: Mark answer (1) if statement (A) is the cause and statement (B) is its effect. Mark answer (2) if statement (B) is the cause and statement (A) is its effect. Mark answer (3) if both the statements (A) and (B) are independent causes. Mark answer (4) if both the statements (A) and (B) are effects of independent causes. Mark answer (5) if both the statements are effects of some common cause.
Example 2: Statement (A): Indonesia suffered a major earth quake today. Statement (B): The term of the Indonesian prime Minister ends by December. Solution: The two statements given above are independent of each other, but they lead to certain major consequences. Hence they are independent causes i.e, choice (3) is the answer.